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What is the OECD?
The OECD is the abbreviations of Organization for the Cooperation and the Economic Development. Its name is an excellent title on as they are his objectives and their nature. One is an international organization with a clear cooperative mission. Its foundation was in 1961. Those are 30 States that conform the institution and its main purpose is to coordinate its economic and social policies. All the Member States are it jeopardize with the democracy and the market economy.
It soothes central of the OECD is in Paris, although also it counts on centers in Berlin, Tokyo, City of Mexico and Washington with the mission to spread the work of the OECD by everybody. Public more than 250 titles to the year. It has two official languages: English and the French.
The personnel who works in the OECD is of 2,500 people. The budget of the organization for 2008 is of 342.9 million Euros. His Secretary General is Gurria Angel. He was preceded by the European Organization for the Economic Cooperation. He has like fundamental objectives the following:
- To support the sustainable economic growth
- To harness the use
- To elevate the standard of life
- To maintain the stability financial
- To help to others of the countries the economic developing
- To contribute to the growth in the world-wide commerce
About summarized form the OECD deals with:
To foment the use, the economic growth and the improvement of the standards of life of the states that integrate the Organization, maintaining its stability.
To contribute to the economic expansion in the development process, not only of the Member States but also of the other people's ones to the Organization.
To extend the multilateral world-wide commerce, without discriminatory criteria, following the agreement of the international commitments.
It also carries out an important work at statistical level because it provides comparative statistics and data and it analyzes and it produces economic perspective. Also it investigates changes of articles of incorporation, evolutionary landlords in the commerce, fiscal environment, technology, agriculture, policies, etc.
It has an important mission from aid to the governments, trying to find answers to common problems, coordinating the political international interns and, identifying good practices, comparing experiences of the carried out policies by the Member States, etc.
Also it offers his aid through cooperation programs, to the emergent economies and of transition including India, China and Brazil
Their main work areas are: Use, Education and Social welfare, Economy and Finances, Sustainable Development and Environment, Governability and Innovation.
A requirement important exists to be able to enter within the Organization and is the one progressively to liberalize the movements of capitals and services. The states that integrate the Organization find it jeopardize with the application of the liberalization principles, nondiscrimination, national treatment and equivalent treatment.
The countries that conform the OECD are:
Germany, Austria, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, Spain, the United States, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, Norway, the Netherlands, Portugal, the United Kingdom, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey.
To these charter members, these countries were integrated later:
Japan, Finland, Australia, New Zealand, Mexico, Czech Republic, South Korea, Hungary, Poland and Slovakia.
The OECD also looks for the extension and the increase of the participation. It decided in May of 2007 to invite to Chile, Estonia, Israel, Russia and Slovenia abrir conversations for its entrance in the Organization and also offered to increase the commitment for the possible entrance of Brazil, China, India, Indonesia and South Africa.